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Glossary Definitions for Words beginning with "G"

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Gabardine
A tightly woven fabric made in a twill weave with diagonal ribs. Gabardine is usually made of cotton, wool or rayon. It wears very durably and is commonly used for sportswear, uniforms, suits, and raincoats.
Georgette
A lightweight sheer fabric made of either silk or synthetic with a fine crepe surface. Also known as georgette or georgette crepe.
Gingham
Pure or blended cotton dyed in plaid or checked pattern. The checked ginghams use two colors and the plaid uses several. The meaning of the name is striped and comes from the Malay language.
Glaubers Salt
Sodium Sulfate anyhdrous is the name of the type we carry; it improves the yield of turquoise dye baths for Fiber Reactive Procion Dye. Use in place of plain salt when dyeing solid shades of #25 Turquoise or colors mixed with #25, (colors marked with a "T" in Fiber Reactive Procion in the color chart). Also sometimes used as a leveling agent. There is another form, Sodium Sulfate deca-hydrate, which is not what we carry at Dharma.
Glazed
Cotton fabrics such as chintz or tarlatan treated with starch, glue or paraffin. These are not as durable in washing as those treated with synthetic resins.
Glazing
This term refers to the application of a transparent layer of color over a solid one so that the color of the first is profoundly modified. A transparent layer of red over yellow will produce the effect of orange and providing the benefit of additional depth to the color.
Glen Plaid
The name comes from the Glen Urquhart Valley in Inverness-shire, Scotland and is a woven design that pairs small checks with larger ones of like colors.
Gouache
A method of painting with watercolors pigments mixed with a preparation of gum to make them opaque. Water soluble.
Gradation
The gradual change of one color to another thru even steps between each shade.
Ground
the foundation surface or background in a composition, applied before the motifs.
Guar Gum
An industrial gum used to thicken homemade burn out paste. Also used as a thickener and emulsifier in food.
Gutta Applicator
These are small bottles with metal tips used for applying gutta or water based resists in thin lines. They can come with different size tips to adjust the width of the resist line.
Gutta Resist
Gutta is a thick substance that is made from latex (supposedly derived from Indonesian rubber trees). It is used almost exclusively for the French Serti Technique of painting on silk. Gutta comes in clear, black, gold metallic and silver metallic. It has a rubbery feel to it in contrast to the smooth drape of silk. For clothing, like scarves, the gutta should be removed when the scarf is finished. For a wall hanging, it doesn't matter. When a project is done and you want to remove the gutta from the fabric, you can only do so by dry cleaning.

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