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Glossary Definitions for Words beginning with "T"

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T.U.D.
Thiourea Dioxide. A replacement for Sodium Hydrosulfite in Indigo vat dyeing, discharge printing and color stripping with cellulose fibers. Five times stronger than Sodium Hydrosulfite.
Tactel
A strong nylon fiber. It breaths and is very easy to wash which makes it ideal for sportswear.
Taffeta
A tabby, plain woven fabric of various fibers with a shiny surface. Used mainly in women's garments.
Tapestry
A heavy weave jacquard fabric used for hangings, curtains, and upholstery, it is woven into pictorial or contemporary designs.
Taslan Toile De Jouy
A printed floral or scenic design found on cotton or linen.
Tencel
A cellulosic fibre which is generically known as lyocell. Tencel is stronger than viscose cellulosic fibre and is characterised by its softness and drape. Procion Fiber Reactive dyes work best with cotton - Acid dyes will just lightly stain it.
Terry
Fabric with loop pile on one or both sides. It is usually made of cotton, and depending on the nap style it creates different useful fabrics.
Terrycloth
A cotton fabric with moisture-absorbing uncut loop pile that covers the entire surface on one or both sides. Used for bath towels and bathrobes.
Tertiary Colors
The colors created by mixing a primary color with an adjacent secondary color of the color wheel. Tertiary colors are created by mixing 3/4th of one primary color and 1/4th of another primary color.
Textile
Any fabric made from protein (silk, wool), cellulose (cotton, rayon, hemp), or synthetics (nylon, polyester).
Textile Art
A general term used to describe works of art created using fabric.
Thiox
Thiourea Dioxide. A safe replacement for Sodium Hydrosulfite with Indigo vat dyeing, discharge printing, and general color stripping on cellulose and protein fibers. It is five times stronger than Sodium Hydrosulfite.
Tie-Dye
A technique of dyeing natural fabrics that involves soaking the fabric in a fixer, folding, twisting, or scrunching the fabric, and then squirting the dye formula on the folds. Then, letting it sit 2-24 hours in plastic bags, rinsing and washing it out
Tint
A paler color made by the addition of white or by adding dilutant to a dye.
Tissue Linen
A sheer fabric used in lightweight clothing such as blouses.
Tjanting
Use this tool to draw a wax resist line for batik.
Tjap
A round metal plate used to create a design in batik dyeing.
Toile
Cotton fabric with a plain weave and printed with a scenic design on one side. It is generally used for home furnishings and clothing.
Tone
The middle value of a hue, obtained by adding gray to the dye.
Transfer Paper
Use to transfer designs on fabric. Use graphite for light fabrics and white for dark fabrics.
Transfer Pencil
Use it on tracing paper, and then iron the line drawing on your fabric with an iron.
Transparent
Any paint or dye that you can see through. All dyes and some paints are transparent. Transparent dyes and paints are meant for light colored fabric.
Triptych
Like the diptych this is a set of three associated paintings displayed side by side.
TSP
An activator (alkali) that used to be used for fixing Fiber Reactive Dyes, until the formula was changed a few years ago. It is no longer as caustic, so we have no idea if it still works or how much you would use.
Tub Dyeing
Also called Vat Dyeing. The basic method for solid color dyeing. You can use buckets, a bathtub, the washing machine or even plastic garbage pails. You need lukewarm water, around 105 ° F, soda ash to fix the dye, non-iodized salt and Synthrapol as a pre-wash and after wash.
Tufting Yarn
A yarn that is hooked with a needle into the fabric at very high speeds. Tufting Yarn is used for carpeting and upholstery.
Tussah
A silk produced from uncultivated silkworms. It is stronger, coarser, and more uneven than cultivated silk. Also called "Wild Silk."
Twill
Fabrics such as denim and gabardine identified by the diagonal parallel lines on its face created by weaving. It is an incredibly versatile fabric.
Twill Weave
A thread weave with a diagonal line, used in denim.

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