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Glossary Definitions for Words beginning with "W"

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Warp
The yarns runs vertically or lengthwise in a woven cloth.

Water Softener
Use this for "hard water" containing calcium and other minerals that can interfere with the dyeing process.

Water Soluble Resist
A water-based viscous liquid used to outline images painted with dyes or paints to keep them from spreading across the fabric and to define their borders. They can be iron set if you're using paint, and some can be steam set for dyes. You can wash the clear resists out with warm water and the colored resists are dry cleanable. Some people think gutta is more precise when it comes to fine detail and holding the line.

Water Soluble
Any paint, dye or resist that is water-based. The paints and dyes can be thinned with water and the resist can be washed out with water. Soap and water clean up.

Wax
Wax refers to a class of chemical compounds that are plastic (malleable) near ambient temperatures. Characteristically, they melt above 45 °C (113 °F) to give a low viscosity liquid. Waxes are insoluble in water but soluble in organic, nonpolar solvents. All waxes are organic compounds, both synthetic and naturally occurring.

Weak Acid Dye
Also known as "Wash -Fast" acid dyes or Class lll acid dyes.

Weave
To make cloth by interlacing strands of thread or yarn on a loom or other machine.

Weft
Threads that run widthwise in a fabric.

Weight of Goods
A term for the weight of fabric being dyed, abbreviated W.O.G.

Wetting-out
The soaking of a solution into a fiber in order that dyeing will be spread evenly.

Wool
A protein fiber sheared from sheep that is spun into yarns used for weaving, knitting, etc. The fibers because of their natural waviness can also be felted. Wool can be dyed with Acid Dyes in the stovetop method, using salt and vinegar. See Tub Dyeing Wool and Silk.

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