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Glossary Definitions for Words beginning with "O"

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Olefin
A strong stain and fade resistant fiber made from a synthetic polymer consisting of ethylene, propylene, or other olefin units.
Ombre
A striped fabric woven with shades of the same color from light to dark.
Oil Paint
Powdered pigment mixed to a thick consistency with linseed, poppy or nut oil which remains wet for long periods. Gradual oxidization causes the paint to harden and a full cure can take many months.
Ombre
Soft gradations of one color blending into another.
Opacity
The level of opaqueness of a paint.
Opaque
Any paint that is not transparent or translucent. It completely covers fabric and other paints.
Optical Color Mixing
An optical illusion produced when small amounts of two different colors are put next to each other, appearing to create a different color.
Optical Whiteners
After scouring and bleaching, Optical Brightening Agents (OBA), are applied to make the textile material to appear more brilliant whites. These OBA are available in different tints such as blue, violet and red.
Overdyeing
A dyeing technique used to change a color by re-dyeing it a new shade. The over-dyed shade is always darker than the original color and is altered by the original color.
Oxford
A group of cotton fabrics, including pinpoint, made with a modified plain or basket weave. Used primarily for shirting.
Oxgall
Used in marbling as an agent that helps the paints float on the surface of the solution. It is made from an animal product and some books recommend it. An excellent alternative is Versatex Dispersant.

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